Learning Objectives2.5 The student is able to construct explanations of the mechanisms and structural features of cells that allow organisms to capture, store or use free energy.
2.6 The student is able to use calculated surface area-to-volume ratios to predict which cell[s] might eliminate wastes or procure nutrients faster by diffusion.
2.7 Students will be able to explain how cell size and shape affect the overall rate of nutrient intake and the rate of waste elimination. [See SP 6.2]
2.8 The student is able to justify the selection of data regarding the types of molecules that an animal, plat or bacterium will take up as necessary building blocks and excrete as waste products. [See SP 1.4, 3.1]
2.16 The student is able to connect how organisms use negative feedback to maintain their internal environments. [See SP 5.3]
2.17 The student is able to evaluate data that show the effect[s] of changes in concentrations of key molecules on negative feedback mechanisms. [See SP 5.3]
2.18 The student can make predictions about how organisms use negative feedback mechanism to maintain their internal environments.
2.19 The student is able to make predictions about how positive feedback mechanisms amplify activities and processes in organism based on scientific theories and models. [See SP 6.4]
4.17 The student is able to analyze data to identify how molecular interactions affect structure and function.
4.22 The student is able to construct explanations based on evidence of how variation in molecular units provides cells with a wider range of functions.
4.23 The student is able to construct explanations of the influence of environmental factors on the phenotype of an organism. [See SP 6.2]
• Relate the history of DNA
• Compare/Contrast DNA and RNA structure and function
• Explain processes of transcription and translation, including regulators involved
• Compare base mutations to chromosomal mutations and explain these mutations
• Interpret the idea that DNA is the code of life and point out how this relates to
• Elucidate DNA technology and interpret the uses for this technology
• Relate meiosis to gametogenesis with product differences noted
• Recognize eukaryotic DNA as it relates to the cell cycle
• Explain the genetic diseases that relate to faulty meiotic processes and
• Make predictions about many types of inheritance patterns, using Mendelian and
Non-Mendelian Genetics with Punnett squares
• Describe how the human genome is related to current technology (Human
Genome Project, Cloning, Gene Therapy, and Genetic Testing and Counseling)